Class 4/5 Works with Plant Dyes in Handwork

From Mary Fettig, Class 2/3 Mentor. Mary is a long-time Waldorf teacher working with new grades teacher Laurie Kozar this year, and shares wonderful pieces about the Waldorf curriculum in practice at OVWS in the Apple Core. This piece originally appeared in the January 2018 Apple Core.

In a traditional Waldorf school education, students in Grade Five learn to knit a pair of socks on four double-pointed needles. This is a continuation of their Handwork curriculum where they had originally learned how to knit in Grade One. As we have combined classes at OVWS, the curriculum now spirals through the grades, allowing students in any one class to first learn a skill and then have the opportunity to perfect it.

In preparation for knitting socks, class 4/5 spent time dyeing skeins of yarn with plant dyes. Here in Vermont, we are blessed to have many local plants that graciously give up their colors for us to use, and the class took advantage of these! Dye pots contained tansy, goldenrod, yellow cosmos, and onion skins for yellow; black-eyed Susan for green; shallot skins for orange; and indigo for blue and teal. This week's pots will yield madder for orange, calendula for a different yellow, more indigo, and some red onion skins. Each pot not only offers up a different color, but much like how each student is unique, so too are the different skeins that visit the same pot. As Ms. Camilletti says, "Each one is different and each one is beautiful."

First, the plants are shredded and then simmered to extract the pigment. The yarn to be dyed needs to be prepared with a mordant of alum or sumac which allows the dye to penetrate the fibers, giving a rich color that will not "bleed" out. It is said that anyone who can make a cup of tea can dye a skein of wool or a yard of plain linen, but it can be more complex than that! Students immersed their white skeins into the dye pots and, after a few moments, such a variety of shades and hues came out. After the skeins are dried, the yarn will be rolled into balls and the knitting will begin. Keep your eyes open when near the Handwork display case in the Grades building this spring to see the results of our students' hard work!

Martin Luther King Jr. Day at Orchard Valley: A day of challenge, celebration, and inspiration

"Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that."  ~ Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

From Grade One Teacher Svenja Donlon: In celebration of Martin Luther King Jr. Day this year, the students of Orchard Valley Waldorf School embarked on a day of learning, celebration, and spreading of the light and love embodied by this great man and the countless people who have fought, and continue to fight, for racial and social justice and equality in America. 

Main Lesson:  The day began with main lessons tailored to each grade. In the first grade, we discussed the unkindness and unfairness people of color experienced and still do experience in America. We talked about what we can do to ensure we treat everyone around us with kindness and respect, and to judge them by the content of their character and not by the color of their skin. We learned that this was what Martin Luther King Jr. dreamed of for his own children and for all the people in America. We drew a picture of his dream. 

During morning lesson in classes 2/3 and 4/5, students heard about the life of civil rights leader John Lewis. He is the last person who spoke at the March on Washington and is still alive today, serving in the U.S. House of Representatives. It was important for the students to hear that this work isn't behind us. There is still a lot of work to do before we can achieve a true sense of equality in this nation.

In grades 6 and 8, students heard an in-depth biography of Martin Luther King Jr. and learned about the work for the poor and oppressed that he began during his lifetime. 

1st and 2nd Period: After recess, we gathered as a school for a time of celebration in the Yurt. The 8th grade students recited some of Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have A Dream" speech, and class 4/5 sung 'This Land is Your Land, This Land is My Land." 

We were then fortunate to have Judy from the Good Samaritan Homeless Shelter in Barre speak to us about the work of the shelter and about Martin Luther King's work in the "Poor People's Campaign." She shared how she  remembered being moved to tears when she saw Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech live on television. 

OVWS Chorus and Violin Teacher Katie Trautz, along with Heidi Wilson, then led us in songs of protest and freedom from Martin Luther King Jr.'s time and some written since, such as "We Shall Overcome" and "I Woke Up this Morning with My Mind Stayed on Freedom." We learned how many of these songs started as gospel songs sung in churches and how the words were changed to become songs of protest. We learned about the solidarity singers in Montpelier and their work supporting social justice protests. Heidi explained to us that these are not "Mary Had a Little Lamb" songs to put people to sleep! Rather, they are powerful songs, sung to bolster the spirits of those who sing them and hear them, and they are sung to make people sit up and listen. It was an inspiring experience to sing as a school and to hear the power and courage of these songs. 

3rd and 4th Period:  In the afternoon, we worked in multi-age groups to make beef stew, apple crisp,  oatmeal-raisin cookies, and notes of welcome and kindness for the Good Samaritan Homeless Shelter. We learned that this is a way to honor Martin Luther King Jr. and the light and love he radiated and inspired in our country. 

It was a day of challenge, celebration, and inspiration. It was a day to remember that learning about racial and social injustice and the work needed to create a more just society must continue through this year, in this place, in this country and in all our days and places yet to come.

Winter Traditions Shine at Orchard Valley

December brings a lively time of celebration throughout the school! The Winter Spiral was held the first week of the month, culminating in a Grades 1-3 Spiral Walk that was also open to the wider community.

Then St. Nicholas Day was celebrated in the Early Education classes as well as the younger Grades classes, with St. Nicholas leaving a beautiful painted walnut and orange in each child's slipper or cubby.

The first evening of Hanukkah was celebrated in classes today, with special stories, fresh latkes, and the lighting of the menorah.

St. Lucia Day is celebrated throughout the school tomorrow, December 13, led by class 2/3. The children visit each classroom, bringing songs, their shining lights, and Santa Lucia bread to all. This festival is celebrated each year on December 13,  the shortest day (longest night) of the year, according to the ancient (Julian) calendar in force when Lucia was martyred for her faith in 304 A.D.

Then our Winter Concert celebrating the season and the Winter Solstice is held on Thursday, December 21. All are welcome! 5:30pm a the Presbyterian Church of Barre. 

Glad tidings to all! 

 

Why Are They Playing With Strings? Shouldn’t They Be Working On Mathematics?

Why Are They Playing With Strings? Shouldn’t They Be Working On Mathematics?

“String figures are a visually pleasing and wonderfully tactile way of learning to appreciate complex consequential phenomenon.” James Murphy, Math teacher, LaGuardia HS of Language and Arts, NYC.

String figures, also known as Cat’s Cradle, have been played worldwide throughout the ages in cultures as varied as the Inuit to the Maori. Long studied by anthropologists, and now used by teachers to develop skills needed for mathematics, these "simple" games support neurological pathways which lead to the development of the neocortex area of the human brain.

When children are working to create the complex patterns the twisting, turning, sliding and dropping of the strings form, they need to have an understanding of body geography and spatial orientation; not just the names of their fingers and which is the right or left hand, but also the meaning of above and below, towards and away, inside and outside, geometrical shapes, and more. Directions for the Starry Sky ask one to: “… Bend the thumbs over the front crossed lines, between the back crossed lines, under the front crossed lines, and pull these towards you. Bend the middle fingers over the index finger lines and from below put them behind the back thumb lines and pull them back.” And that is just a small part of the directions!

One has to work rhythmically, with coordination and concentration, and have the mental and physical dexterity to keep the string in place as they move through steps leading to the final figure. Sequential thinking and memory, along with an ability to visualize an outcome sounds like the skills needed to perform complex mathematical problems. You need to see the patterns and the form, and I believe that is ultimately what mathematics is, the seeing and understanding of more and more complex patterns.

In Grades 2/3 students not only used individual strings to play with, but Mr. Maynard, former OVWS Movement teacher, visited the class with a huge string which allowed students themselves to form the figures as each student stepped in for a finger! As he moved his fingers, he told a story calling upon the imagination of the class to follow the steps. After forming the shapes with individual string the students were asked to work together, to feel the give and take needed to keep the string tight and to let it slip when needed, building on the social fabric to create a large star and to free a group of animals from a circus train. Now students are creating their own string figures, and perhaps one day these same children will follow the advice of anthropologist Louis Leakey’s mentor who once told him before his visit to sub-Sahara Africa, “You can travel anywhere with a smile and a string.”

Class 4/5 Receives Letters About Life in the 1960s

From Class 4/5 Teacher Claudia Reinhardt: The fourth and fifth graders are reading the book One Crazy Summer as their first class reader for this school year. Our language arts periods have been dedicated to discussing the book, which has brought up a lot of great questions by the students. Fortunately, some of these questions can be answered by people who lived during these times. So the students wrote letters to grandparents, as well as colleagues and friends of their teacher. The class has begun to receive letters back from near and far from people who lived during the 1960s. The students always listen attentively and with much interest when I read these letters to them. We are so very grateful to everyone who wrote to us.

Here are some excerpts:
"I was born in 1955 in Caracas, Venezuela. [...] After third grade we moved to New York and stayed there. [...] My parents raised us to be responsible for our thoughts, words, and actions. They expected us to be tolerant and humanistic as they were, to find peaceful, problem-solving ways to deal with obstacles that came before us on our life journey. They set an example for us to follow. And our home was always open to multicultures, religions, and beliefs. Our only requirement was to do no harm and always try our best." (CPM)

"The Poor People's March came through Richmond that summer on the way to Washington. A large group camped on the lawn of the seminary, about 2 blocks from our house. My parents volunteered to help the marchers with getting settled in and basic comforts. They were back home when a friend of mine came over via a ride with his mom. My dad came out to greet my friend's mom, and she told with some anxiety how she'd rerouted her drive to avoid being near "all those marchers." And of course my dad came back with the story of how he'd been there helping out." (AW)

A letter from Louisville, KY was sent to us along with a copy of Muhammad Ali's autobiography "The Soul of a Butterfly." There's a chapter titled "Confronting Fear." It's beautifully written and the students were easily able to relate to it. It was a great message for them to hear around Michaelmas - after all , overcoming fear is what Michaelmas is all about.

There were reflections on the times in the letters we received, but also a clear reminder that there's work yet to be done:

"What you are studying about the Civil Rights Movement is very important. That work is still needed; it isn't finished. We've come a long ways, but we still have far to go. The world needs your strong minds and bodies. Develop your ideas and talents. And most importantly, believe in yourselves." (JH)

Why do we do so much art in Waldorf schools?

From Grade 2/3 Mentor, Mary Fettig. Mary is a long-time Waldorf teacher working with new grades teacher Laurie Kozar this year.  

We are all familiar with the bright and colorful paintings our children bring home from their Waldorf experiences and we give them prominent spaces on our walls, frame them for gifts to share with relatives, and look on with wonder at our budding artist. Yes, the pictures are gorgeous, but the product is not the point; it is the outcome of a process that is deliberate and purposeful.

Beginning in Nursery classes, children are invited to sit at a table in front of small jars of blue, red, and yellow paints and they are left to explore the colors and how each one expresses itself. Red is bold and fiery, blue expansive and cold, and yellow a bright and cheerful mediator of the two. Moving into the early grades, the child experiences, they learn what happens when these colors meet--new ones are born! Now there are green, orange, and purple, and sometimes a form arises out of the meeting of color. Fine motor skills are brought into play, senses are activated, and an individual's inner being is lifted up. Slowly the student learns how much paint to leave in the brush, what to do when things are not going as planned, and when it is time to call a painting "done."

Bold, contrasting colors set a mood. Through color stories, or working on paintings that reflect a Main Lesson's content, our students find ways to reflect what is living deeply inside of them and to bring this out onto their painting.

In older classes, students work with more detail, more colors and even charcoals, exploring the contrast of light and dark, shadows and shapes. These are the years the class is studying the physics of light and color and the art classes support this.

Throughout their artistic experiences moving through the grades, the students are exposed to quality materials and can find a means of healthy expression through art, a relationship to the outer world, and a deep satisfaction that can only come from a creative impulse that finds expression in form.

"Pictorial solutions whose theme and form are in harmony, awaken confidence and stability within us."  Jane Mattis-Teutsch

 

Class 4/5: What Type Are You?

From Claudia Reinhardt, Class Teacher:

In our class reader One Crazy Summer, Delphine's mother, who is a poet, shares a poem called "Movable Type." It is about movable type, but also about her being a movable, flexible person. In language arts class today I asked the students, "What type are you?" and challenged them to write a poem. Here's what some of them wrote!

the artistic sleepy type
paint on my walls
draw on my floor
i'm kind of sleepy
i'll try to do some more
i don't think i'll make it outdoors
good night, don't let
the bedbugs
bite
(tr)

the reading type
look here
read there
never-ending pages
flipping
reading
two pages over
stare at those
find the words
look here
read there
i see
letters swiftly passing
end of book
find a new one
i'm that type. i read.
(cr)

the calm type
rest here
sleep there
i
move again
to sleep some more
(wm)

the rooted type
i'm strong
move when i want
bend when
i please
i'm like
the
old oak
tree
rooted
planted
no one can
move
my base
in a
storm
i stay
rooted
(ia)

the math type
long division
multiplication
subtraction
addition
i'm the math type
i don't do poetry
(cg)

Michaelmas: Transcending the "dragon" of our time

Last Friday, Orchard Valley celebrated Michaelmas, a festival dedicated to human striving and to transcending the "dragon" of our time. Rudolph Steiner saw this ancient festival as promoting inner strength and initiative. The image of Michael piercing the darkness with his sword of light and transforming the dragon's fire into inspired deeds is a very real picture of the soul's task at this time of year. It celebrates "the human struggle of good over evil, of enthusiasm and devotion over indolence and cynicism."

The grades classes spent the early afternoon pressing cider from the bursting orchard, making vegetable soup, and baking apple crisp—for 150 people! The grades pageant was followed by a warm community gathering—the kind that reminds you how important it is to come together on this beautiful campus and revel in the enthusiasm and devotion of the teachers and staff, in the hard work of the families who give so many volunteer hours, and in the joy of the children who call Orchard Valley “my school.”